Above all else, the Robie House is a magnificent work of art. [12] Niedecken's influence can be seen in the design of some of the furnishings for the house as well as the carpets in the entrance hall, the living room, and the dining room. The term was coined by architectural critics and historians (not by Wright) who noticed how the buildings and their various components owed their design influence to the landscape and plant life of the midwest prairie of the United States. [25] On September 15, 1971, the Commission on Chicago Landmarks, with the support of Mayor Richard J. Daley, declared the Robie House a Chicago landmark. The combination of so much glass and lack of internal structural columns resulted in an airy space that appeared larger than it is, accenting the open plan Wright favored. The rectangle on the northeast portion of the site, called "the minor vessel," contains the more functional and service-related rooms of the house. Wright's Winslow House of 1893 was already a synthesis of the practical with the beautiful in home building. By any standard his Robie house was the House of the 1900s--indeed the House of the Century. In 1956, The Architectural Record selected the Robie House as “one of the seven most notable residences ever built in America.” In both spaces, Wright chose to showcase the system of structural beams in the ceiling, to give a greater sense of altitude to the rooms. The chimney mass containing four fireplaces—one in the billiards room, playroom, living room and master bedroom—and the main stairway from the entrance hall to the second floor living and dining rooms rise through the center of the house, from which the rest of the building radiates. The significance of Wright design of the Robie House is that he neglected the conventional ideation of a house as a box containing smaller “boxes” for rooms. The horizontal feel of the edifice is reinforced by the window sills and stone thresholds, as well as by the thin mortart joints of the brick work. Two bedrooms and a full bathroom above the garage complete the quarters for the live-in servants. After major structural steel restoration, exterior brick work, and installation of modern mechanical systems, the restoration focused on the interiors elements, such as woodwork, glass, and furniture. The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, "The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright", http://gowright.org/restoration-project.html, "The Robie House, a Frank Lloyd Wright masterpiece, is again a full-fledged architectural symphony after meticulous restoration", National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form, Frederick C. Robie House, Smart Museum of Art On-Line Database Project, Dunlap, “Work Is Set to Begin On the Robie House,”, DOI Secretary Kempthorne Selects New U.S. World Heritage Tentative List, National Park Service, S. C. Johnson and Son, Inc., Administration Building and Research Tower, Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings, Tentative Lists Database, World Heritage, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, U.S. Department of the Interior, Press Release, Salazar Proposes Poverty Point, Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings for World Heritage List Nominations, "Eight Buildings Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright Nominated to the UNESCO World Heritage List", "The proud history of architecture in Illinois", Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust: Robie House, Drawings, photos and data pages in the Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey, Society of Architectural Historians SAH ARCHIPEDIA entry on Robie House. As a result of financial problems incurred by the death of his father in July 1908, who was plagued by gambling debts that Robie unknowingly inherited (allegedly totaling roughly $1 million, or the equivalent of $27 million today), and the deterioration of his marriage, Robie was forced to sell the house after living in it for only fourteen months. Construction of Robie House In 1908, Frederick C. Robie, a successful Chicago businessman, decided to have a “sturdy, functional and strikingly modern” home constructed for his family in Hyde Park, an elegant Chicago neighborhood and home to the campus of the University of Chicago. The westernmost bay of the garage originally contained a mechanic's pit, and the easternmost bay contained equipment to wash and clean automobiles. See "Many Masks," Gill, Brendan, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1987, p. 494. An on-line copy of the, "One Hundred Years of the American House,". By 1908 he was able to bring about, in the Robie House on the campus of the University of Chicago, what is for many Americans the finest work of art turned out by any of our architects in our history as a nation. However, Wright-designed furniture in the Robie House was only constructed for the entrance hall, the living and dining rooms, guest bedroom, and one bed for the third-floor bedrooms. By contrast, the interior space is fluid and transparent, allowing the entry of light without obstructing the view. We introduced basic commands such as line, trim, offset and extend, graduating to more complex concepts such as hatch, layout space setup, and inserting and scaling a .jpg of the plans to draw on top of. [39] According to the Historical American Buildings Survey, the city of Chicago's Commission on Chicago Architectural Landmarks stated: "The bold interplay of horizontal planes about the chimney mass, and the structurally expressive piers and windows, established a new form of domestic design. The Robie House is one of the best known examples of Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie styleof architecture. The front door and main entrance is partially hidden on the northwest side of the building beneath an overhanging balcony in order to create a sense of privacy and protection for the family. These features unite the two spaces, creating an openness of plan which, for Wright, was a metaphor for the openness of American political and social life. Concept. Prairie Style 5. [21] The threat of demolition aroused a storm of protest. Without this house, much of modern architecture as we know it today, might not exist. 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