... Design. In 1993, the Sheikh ruler of Dubai commissioned the British consultancy Atkins to design a building that would become synonymous with Dubai and the United Arab Emirates. Company Registration No: 4964706. It took only two years to construct the building and three years to construct the foundation on beach sand, making this a geotechnical wonder.8. As the Burj al-Arab is a hotel, the assumption that commercial live loads are seen in the building seemed to be the most appropriate choice for this calculation, therefore the live load for the structure is: Floor area = 1,077,000 SF. As one of the most luxurious hotels in the world (the only one to have been given the unofficial commendation of ‘7 stars’ by the media), the interior was designed to be palatial, eclectic and baroque. The engineering properties which most affect the cost of a construction are strengthening compressibility. As many elements need to be taken into account to build an off shore structure, it is therefore important to ensure the protection of the foundation. This test makes use of a series of loads in order to measure the corresponding settlement of the soil. 2 When looking at the soil properties of Dubai, it’s weak and will most probably move outwards in the case of any construction on it. The soil must have a collapsible fabric in its structure. If you continue to use this website without disabling cookies, we will assume you are happy to receive them. Burj al Arab Tower, Dubai Hotel Building, Architect, Picture, Design, Photo, Icon. This makes decreasing cross section when moving up. To avoid the risk of flooding, perforated concrete blocks were mounted on the bedrock in a honeycomb pattern designed to act as a giant artificial ‘sponge’ and reduce the wave impact. Many elements must be taken in consideration in geotechnical engineering to build the world’s 15th tallest building on seabed, where its properties are known as a collapsible soil due to a lack of silt and clay. Born to a family of artists and musicians, Chew’s education as a child provided a great foundation. Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc. Seafloor stability regards to the bearing capacity and the sliding resistance thereof must be evaluated for static and combined static, operational and environmental (Like horizontal, vertical loading and overturning moments of the environment which have a return period of up to 15 seconds) loads. One of the major design appeals that pushed the boundaries of this structure was it had been the first structure to be built on a man made island. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. This test makes use of three separate tests namely Liquid limit test, Plastic limit test and Shrinkage limit test. Fourth edition of design guide available from ICE Publishing. South Africa could always strive to be a first world country by focusing on infrastructure as well as the inequality of societies. Burj Al Arab is the world’s tallest iconic and most luxurious hotel. IslandConstruction2.jpg, The structure was then surrounded with a temporary concrete structure to protect the island and the base of the structure, which was filled with a concrete plug slab. While the path she started on as a child was bumpy, it remained steady in its course as it lead her to ultimately taking on iconic projects around the world from Dubai’s Burj Al Arab to the Sultan of Brunei’s massive palace. Burj Al Arab Jumeirah offers unlimited access to the water sports activities at Wild Wadi Waterpark™, located just a 5-minute walk across the island bridge. Several features of the hotel required complex engineering feats to achieve. This test is used to determine a relationship between the soils consistency and its moisture content. It was built to resemble the sail of … Piled or pier foundation. Water must be displaced from the saturated soils in order to reduce the void volume. Partial saturation is essential. Introduction. Adrian Smith is the man behind the structural and the architectural design of Burj Khalifa. Construction Engineer: WS Atkins and Partners Overseas – Multidisciplinary Consultancy. Any scientific information contained within this essay should not be treated as fact, this content is to be used for educational purposes only and may contain factual inaccuracies or be out of date. Interior: The interior was designed by the Khuan Chew and he used the local landscape and the … This is where the specified soil has a high void ratio and yet has relatively high shear strength at low moisture content due to a coating (Colloidal) around each grain. The interiors of the iconic Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai bring images of a contemporary Arabian fantasy. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Table 1: Transported soil and possible engineering problem. Luckily these loadings were much less when Burj Al Arab was constructed, due to it only being 7 meters in depth.8IslandConstruction1.jpg, Figure 3: Piling of the Burj Al Arab hotel. Creative specifications for performance and aesthetic benefits. 920 feet out from the Jumeirah beach. Richard Hammond checks out the world's tallest and most distinctively shaped hotel, the 320-metre-high Burj Al Arab, or Arabian Tower. Increase of moisture content. wrought gold Burj Al Arab Hotel, Chicago Beach Hotel & Resort. Floor Count: 60 Elevator Count: 18 Units / Rooms: 202 Tom Wright′s first drawing of the Burj al Arab concept was shown to the client in october 1993 which along with the simple card model shown above convinced the client that the tower should be built. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The reclamation of the land from the sea took 3 years, as engineers created a ground/surface layer of large rocks. 7 Jul 2019 + 27 Oct 2008. Looking for a flexible role? The material that was used for this sail boat like structure is not only robust but it also protects the buildings’ interior from the sun by using light defusion.3, After seventy thousand cubic meters of concrete and ninety thousand tons of steel, this great engineering wonder is noted as the heart of Dubai. The hotel is also notable for its two distinctive restaurants. This test is used to determine the collapse parameters in order to design accordingly. This could be possible in certain scenarios to design a structure which could withstand the predicted collapse settlement. WellnessYour quest for wellness starts here. Therefore the change in volume goes hand in hand with the change in the soil structure. The design of this foundation on this type of soil is breaking barriers in the building industry, making Dubai a leading country in development. At peak, 2,000 construction workers were involved in the project. This is only applied to certain collapsible soils. The wall of the acrylic glass tank is 18 cm (7.1 in) thick to withstand the water pressure. The architecture features a triple-lobed footprint, an abstraction of the Hymenocallis flower. See table 2 for properties beach sand. This include building an island 280 meter off coast as a foundation for this 321 meter high sea shore wonder.1 Throughout this report we will look at which soils are found in Dubai, as well as the properties thereof including the construction of this hotel foundation. By making use of this test one can clearly note whether the soil is well or poorly graded. Two entries, +Home and Connector Housing, share top honour. Design for collapse. What was the brief for the building? VAT Registration No: 842417633. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! The Al Mahara (Oyster) features a large seawater aquarium and is accessed via a simulation of a submarine voyage. This test is thus performed to estimate the stress and strain parameters of the specific soil. The Burj Al Arab being a geotechnical wonder is due to its size as well as its ability to withstand the environment and the impacts thereof. Burj Al Arab is placed on an artificial island which is 280 m i.e. having a narrow particle distribution). The Burj Al Arab (Tower of the Arabs) was conceived in October 1993 and completed on site in 1999. •Tom Wright (formerly Tom Wills-Wright)- The architect and designer of the Burj al Arab in Dubai, UAE. You can find out about our cookies and how to disable cookies in our Privacy Policy. The Burj Al Arab can be defined as the hotel that accumulates more records, as it is the highest (321 m), the most luxurious (7 stars) and of course, one of the most expensive in the world, “Burj Al Arab” is the “Arab Tower” (Translation). These have the effect of diagonally bracing the two side trusses and the large concrete ‘mast’. The test can be used to distinguish between the presence of silts and clays. Location: Jumeirah Beach Road, Jumeirah, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The dry density of a collapsible soil lies between 900-1600 kg/m3. Water is present throughout the hotel in aquariums and fountains, while fire is included in an entrance fountain, together with steam representing air. Standing at 321 m, it is the third tallest hotel in the world and one of the most expensive, costing an estimated 7.8bn dollars. It is the world’s tallest structure with a membrane façade and the world’s tallest hotel (not including buildings with mixed use) and was the first 5-star hotel to surpass 1,000 ft (305 m) in height. In situ densification by surface rolling. We use cookies to ensure we give you the best experience on our website. The tower is composed of three elements arranged around a central core. Burj Al Arab characterizes itself as the world’s only “7-star” property, a designation considered by travel professionals to be hyperbole. Constructing a building on sea, an artificial island is needed to design and build the foundations. This test is used to determine the ease of which water can flow through a soil profile, which is important for geotechnical engineers in projects. Al Muntaha (The Ultimate) is 200 m (660 ft) above the Persian Gulf, a C-section design that projects out at 30 m from each side of the central ‘mast’ column. Geotechnical Engineering entails to obtain information of the physical properties of the soil and rock on a proposed site known as site exploration. A large amount of data can be generated from soil, but it can all be wasted if the most important step of sampling is not carried out properly. This is where collapse settlement will not occur in soils which are located under the water table. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The outermost wall of the building has been constructed by the use of PTFE coated fibreglass which contains air gaps at regular intervals. 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