The scurrying turn appears alone or in combinations, turning to unexpected keys after a sudden silence; the “hiccup” often comes as a separate response from the woodwinds to the rushing figure in the strings. Symphony No. He completed the serenade on November 4, the overture two weeks later. 36 in C Major, K.425,“Linz”Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart When Mozart married Constanze Weber in August 1782, in Vienna, Mozart’s family saw her as their intellectual and social inferior. Symphony No. The leading composers of the day had written grand tragic operas for the great theater of Elector Carl Theodor, and when Mozart met the Elector, he confessed that he would like to write an opera for his forces. But Mozart liked ensembles, in which various characters can express their feelings together. There are 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, and strings. The particular strengths of the Mannheim forces may well have turned his attention in the direction it was to take when he next composed an opera, for he wrote to his father in February, “I am eager to write [an opera]…but Italian, not German, and seria, not buffa.” Nothing came of his desire at the time, since Leopold was eager for the pair to get on to Paris, where (he was sure) fame and fortune awaited his son. Although it was a sensation in Prague in the fall of 1787, the first Vienna performances the following spring did not attract enough attention; the piece was simply too serious to suit the taste of the court. The Three Bs. The overture was the last thing to be composed, probably just before the dress rehearsal on January 29, 1781 (the composer’s twenty‑fifth birthday). 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” (1788) 29 minutes Flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. The sheer speed is daunting. How astonishing, then, to realize that between the last two letters cited he composed the Symphony No. Throughout his life, he was also interested in music; he had even written an essay on Wagner for the “Revue wagnerienne” in 1885. The Three Bs / Symphonic Surprises / Strauss and His Idol. Duration is about 23 minutes. 10, D. 936a, reveal three movements; the Andante on tonight’s program is the second. It is a spacious work of great humanity. An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a … PROGRAM NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART Piano Concerto No. Tickets for this event will be available for purchase at Woolsey Hall beginning at 6:30pm. The safety of patrons, musicians and staff remains the Symphony’s top priority. 102. Sadie remarks that this is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in his career. [10][11], Sadie notes, reflecting on Leopold's remark given above, that indeed "Mozart's Paris Symphony is quite noisy. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. Tchaikovsky, to his chagrin, drew the subject, “Montenegrin villagers receiving news of Russia’s declaration of war on Turkey.”. WOLFGANG AMADÈ MOZART (1756-1791)Ballet Music from Idomeneo, Rè di Creta, K.366. When Mozart returned to Salzburg, he tried his hand at several pieces in this new form, and the three MAGNIFICENT MOZART PROGRAM NOTES The number of string players is (as usual) not specified in the score, but Sadie remarks that at the premiere there were 22 violins, five violas, eight cellos, and five basses. Andante III. The slow movement, in A‑flat, opens with deceptive simplicity; it is, in fact, a richly detailed movement, with progressive elaborations of the material throughout. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. Mozart and Friends Program Notes. The Symphony No. But when Mozart returned to Paris in the spring of 1778 with his mother in tow things very much did not go to plan. Finally, though, while living at Kamenka, the home of his sister and her family (and long one of Tchaikovsky’s favorite retreats), he began work on a composition for the Silver Jubilee Exposition. 25 in G minor, K. 183 I. Allegro con brio II. 38 in D Major, K. 504 (Prague) There are more sketches for the Prague Symphony than any other by Mozart—starts and stops and doodling for all the movements, even an opening for the finale, which eventually was discarded. 3. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began calling himself Wolfgang Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè about 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. The work was performed with great success by the Société Nationale de la Musique on December 22 and 23 that year under the direction of the Swiss conductor Gustave Doret. In January 1779 Mozart reluctantly returned to Salzburg after a disastrous two-year trip to Germany and Paris. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation." For this event Mozart was given an extraordinary ensemble—the finest orchestra in Europe (the Mannheim orchestra, which had recently been moved to Munich) with twice the usual number of strings and a full wind complement including, for the first time in Mozart’s experience, clarinets. Program Notes. Allegro Intermission Philadelphia Orchestra concerts are broadcast on WRTI 90.1 FM on Sunday afternoons at 1 PM, and are repeated on Monday evenings at 7 PM on WRTI HD 2. [6], The symphony was later performed in the Burgtheater in Vienna on 11 March 1783 during a benefit concert for Mozart's sister-in-law, the singer Aloysia Weber.[7]. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) While Mozart's favored instrument was the piano, he was also a highly accomplished s Violin Concerto No.5 in … As of 1780 Mozart had not produced a full‑scale opera for five years (when he was still in his teens). )[4], The work evidently was popular. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. November 6, 2019. The original plan was to have a series of staged tableaux accompanied by music, each scene to be set by a different composer, chosen by lot. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Kamsko-Votkinsk, Vyatka province, Russia, on May 7, 1840, and died in St. Petersburg on November 6, 1893. PROGRAM: Bach – Orchestral Suite No. The premiere took place on 12 June 1778 in a private performance in the home of Count Karl Heinrich Joseph von Sickingen, the ambassador of the Electorate of the Palatinate. The dates of the first performances are unknown. Program Notes, 2019-20 Season. The score calls for flute, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets, plus timpani and strings. Bianca Ancheta. CLAUDE DEBUSSY (1862-1918)Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun. Again on June 17 he needed money to pay his landlord and asked Puchberg for a few hundred gulden “until tomorrow.” Yet again on the 27th he wrote to thank Puchberg for the money so freely lent him, but also to report that he needed still more and did not know where to turn for it. Menuetto—Trio—Menuetto da capo IV. Enhanced Program Notes: MOZART + HAYDN Portrait of Joseph Haydn by Thomas Hardy, 1791. "His mother, who had accompanied him on the trip, died 3 July. Mozart completed his final three symphonies — No. Serge Koussevitzky conducted the first Boston Symphony Orchestra performances of the overture on December 1 and 2, 1944. 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